220.127.116.11 Mammoth Hunting
1 Why the big boats and prehistoric ocean sailing?
1 Why the big boats and prehistoric ocean sailing?
Of course big crews that could work together were needed to hunt and kill a mammoth so the crew skill were already part of the culture. But as the animals became depleted they needed to travel farther and farther to find them and then the problem of transporting them was best solved by fluting them down the river. If you saw the size of the Don River you could understand the motivation to develop sailing skills. This happens naturally as one learns that the wind can blow them up river against the flow so why not use the wind!
The big boats were developed to haul the mammoth meat home from a kill. They weighed around 20 000 kg or 45 000. As the the mammoths declined they sailed farther and farther.
While these early boats and rafts were wood and decayed we still find traces.
The need for big boats and crews that could work together.
The Mammoth bone homes are proof that they transported the heavy (12,000 to 16,000 pound) carcass.
2 The wooden boats and rafts have long ago decayed but prehistoric drawing of them remain.
2.1 Gobustan National Park
Gobustan National Park (Azerbaijani: Qobustan Milli Parkı) officially Gobustan Rock Art Cultural Landscape is a hill and mountain site occupying the southeast ending of the Big Caucasian Ridge, mainly in the basin of Jeyrankechmaz River, between the rivers Pirsagat and Sumgait. It is located west of the settlement of Gobustan, about 40 miles (64 km) southwest of the centre of Baku on the west bank of the Caspian Sea.
The territory of Gobustan is cut up with numerous, sometimes rather deep ravines (in Azerbaijani: gobu). That is a suggested origin of the Gobustan geographical name.
In 1966 Gobustan was declared a national historical landmark of Azerbaijan in an attempt to preserve the ancient carvings, relics, mud volcanoes and gas-stones in the region. The mountains Boyukdash, Kichikdash, Jingirdag, and the Yazili hill were taken under legal government protection. These mountains are located near the Caspian Sea, in the southeast part of Gobustan.
In 2007 Gobustan was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site considered to be of "outstanding universal value" for the quality and density of its rock art engravings, for the substantial evidence the collection of rock art images presents for hunting, fauna, flora and lifestyles in pre-historic times and for the cultural continuity between prehistoric and medieval times that the site reflects.
2.1.1 Archeological site
Throughout many centuries under impact of the sun, wind, seismic activity and various atmospheric precipitation, blocks of stones broke away from the edges of a vast limestone layer and rolled down the slopes. Here, in the area displaying the fantastic scene of destruction, the huge blocks of stones and rocks chaotically pressed against each other, forming about 20 big and small caves and the canopies serving as a natural shelter to the inhabitants.
The archeological value of Gobustan was discovered when a group of men went in to mine for gravel in 1930. While the zone is abundant in boulders and stone formations, one mine employee noticed the sacred carvings on the rocks. They also discovered man-made caves wherein more of the drawings can be found.
2.1.2 Prehistoric carvings
Gobustan is very rich in archaeological monuments. The reserve has more than 6,000 rock engravings dating back between 5,000 - 40,000 years. The site also features the remains of inhabited caves, settlements and burials, all reflecting an intensive human use by the inhabitants of the area during the wet period that followed the last Ice Age, from the Upper Paleolithic to the Middle Ages. The site, which covers an area of 537 ha, is part of the larger protected Gobustan Reservation.
Most of the rock engravings depict primitive men, animals, battle-pieces, ritual dances, bullfights, boats with armed oarsmen, warriors with lances in their hands, camel caravans, pictures of sun and stars.
The petroglyphs and rock engravings are an exceptional testimony to a way of life that has disappeared, graphic representations of activities connected with hunting and fishing at a time when the climate and vegetation of the area were warmer and wetter than today.
Iskhag Jafarzadeh who was one of the pioneers of Azerbaijan archaeology and ethnography, excavated over seventy artifacts on Azerbaijan's territory and studied the Gobustan rock paintings. In 1948 during the Gobustan expedition, he discovered the Latin rock inscription near mountain Boyukdash, some 70 km far from Baku, which is the easternmost Roman evidence to be known.
Petroglyphs from Gobustan are depicted on the reverse of the Azerbaijani 5 manat banknote issued since 2006.
Today Gobustan is the most popular state reserve and is an invaluable treasure-house of Azerbaijan.
3 Wooden boats give us clues to the prehistoric past.
|Petar Petrov / AP Archaeologist Dimitar Nedkov, measures the length of a well-preserved wooden vessel, likely dating back to the prehistoric age discovered at the bottom of the Black Sea.|
Log Boat (Ceylon)
Explorers find ancient boat in Black Sea 11/29/2008. Vessel discovered by fishermen trailing nets along the sea bottom.
SOFIA, Bulgaria — A well-preserved wooden dugout canoe, likely dating back to the prehistoric age, has been discovered at the bottom of the Black Sea, scientists said Saturday.
The vessel was discovered by fishermen trailing nets along the sea bottom some 15 miles off the coast, said Dimitar Nedkov, head of the Archaeological Museum in the port city of Sozopol.
"The dugout is 8.5 feet long and 27.5 inches wide, and it is made most probably of oak," Nedkov said.
Bulgarian explorers have found 4 ancient vessels in remarkably good condition in the Black Sea, whose oxygen-depleted deep water preserves wrecks without the worm damage and deterioration that normally affects wooden vessels.
"Nowhere else can you find similar dugouts, as well as any kind of wooden vessels over 300 years old, because water rots the wood away," Dimitrov said. "In the Black Sea, however, there is dissolved hydrogen sulfide below a certain depth which preserves all organic materials."
Copyright 2008 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
3.1 The beginning of prehistoric long range sailing?
It is now emerging that there is evidence of the White Race on North America Dating Back to
The beginning of prehistoric long range sailing and boating may have looked something like that known travels of the Vikings but of course they megaliths and Dolman show that the Ancient Sailors went much farther.