Day 1 2 Background 2.1 Cosmology 2.1.12 Student Overview Day 2

Mars

Mercury ] Venus ] Mars ] Jupiter ] Saturn ] Uranus ] Neptune ] Pluto ] 


Mars is very bright, which makes it easy to spot in the night sky. It was named after the Roman god of war because its reddish color reminded people of blood.


Basic Facts

 

Mars

Earth

Position from the Sun

4

3

Diameter

4,223 miles (6,796 km)

7,926 miles (12,753 km)

Moons

2

1

Rings

0

0

Average Distance from Sun

142,000,000 miles (228,000,000 km)

93,000,000 miles (149,000,000 km)

Your Weight on the Planet

Multiply your weight by 0.38

Multiply your weight by 1.0

Length of One Year

680 Earth days

365 Earth days

Length of One Day

1 Earth day and 37 minutes

1 Earth day

What?s in the Atmosphere?

Carbon dioxide, nitrogen

Nitrogen, oxygen

Temperature

[day] 60?F (20?C)

[night] -220?F (-140?C)

-128?F to 136?F

(-89?C to 58?C)


Discovery

Since Mars is so bright and easy to see with the naked eye, we don't know who exactly discovered Mars. Ancient astronomers could see it long before the invention of telescopes.


Missions to Mars


Interesting Facts About Mars


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