2 Chapter 

0 Contents 1 Foundation 1.2 Prehistoric

Chapter 4

Chapter 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Index

1.2 Prehistoric Origin Of Mathematics
(Including The Study Of Myths And Examples Of Academic Ignorance)

Chapter 3 Myth of The Noble Savage

3.0 Myth of the Noble Savage 
      First Person Records Sited -
          See: 2.4.14.2.3 The Iroquois And The Jesuits
3.1 Mathematics is a skill
      3.1.1 Examples of indoctrination.
     
3.1.2 Breakdown of home making and mothering in Russia
3.2 Evidence of\ human sacrifices uncovered in Peru
3.3 Confronting The Image Of Evil White Man
      3.3.1 Australian event while I'm writing. 
      3.3.2 International Corruption Index for 2011
      3.3.3 Beware of false prophets!
3.4 Back to the savage reality!
      3.4.1 Indians News 2013.
               3.4.1.1 The Mascho Piro Tribe.
               3.4.1.2 Proposed in 2007 'Transitory' Reserves
      3.4.2 Innocence is beautiful and genetic disposition is real
3.5 Early Americans Were European
3.6 Constructing the Solutrean Solution

  3.0 Myth of the Noble Savage

I grew-up in Niagara County next to a Tuscarora  Indian Reservation.

In my farm town everyone had a garden and stored food for winter (this was in the 1940's). Other than woods the land was farmed and productive. But on the reservation where all had private homes and land most of the properties looked like junk yards with the home in disrepair and junk cars and refrigerators rotting in the tall grass and weeds of the yard. The Indian land that was being farmed was nearly all by renting to the non-Indian farmers.

3.0.1 Iroquois Murder and Cannibalism

It was interesting to me that before they were civilized the Neutral Tribe there (most later murdered by Iroquois with guns from the Dutch) were visited in the early 1600's by two French Missionaries described by Luke 10 in the Christian Bible (giving up all and going 2x2 with nothing but the shirt on their back!).

 

3.0.2 The Most Vile Of Claims Against Europeans

In the social movement and academic literature I found much degradation of  European White People while proclaiming the noble savage! There were claims that the Europeans infected the Indians on purpose giving them smallpox infected blankets.

The American Indians: In 1661 many Indians (and Europeans) died from a smallpox epidemic but that was 102 years before a Sociopathic British Lord suggested giving Indians infected blankets. There is no proof that happened. Conspiracy theorist think it did but soldiers were sick and dying at the same time

Back to the culture in Europe. While it is true the affluent ruling class had much degradation genetically by inbreeding and behaviorally by the use of wet nurses and hirelings to raise their children. The degeneration of affluent child care led to Narcissism, Sociopathy, Perversion, Psychopathy, and Sadomasochism in some of the ruling class. (See: 5-2-34-02_fourth-crusade.htm) in 1763.

3.0.5 The truth of murdering cultures

Just 130 years after Columbus discovered America Indians deceived and murdered many in Jamestown

  3.1 Mathematics is a skill

Mathematics is a skill that can be used to do honest work or dishonest work just like a gun can be use to protect or to murder. The problem in today's society is our affluence and socialism has destroyed family life. Teaching any skill is best "out of a need to know"! But the parent, elder or teacher has some responsibility to know how the skill will be used! 

If some one wants to learn mathematics as a fanatic to make explosives or commit suicide and you knowingly enable them with the skills, you bare some responsibility. 

Responsibility belongs to those who are aware and have the ability to do something about it. Ignorance deprives one of the right to responsibility. You can't get a drivers license till you are aware of the dangers and have the skills!

After the demise of mammalian level maternal care and home making due to affluence, there are two important background points left. One, the violation of children by indoctrination. Two, the inherent behavior of people indoctrinated as children to reason perfectly on a false assumption (an operational definition of insanity) and their adult choices are either rebel or comply. But they lack healthy common sense and intuition. Much of the healthy child care of Jewish and Islamic Anthroculture gets lost in the rebellion. As the saying goes, "they throw out the baby with the bath water".

  Examples of indoctrination.

Examples are the Jewish Culture and Islam it's violent pyramid scheme copycat. 

The Jewish indoctrination

The Jewish indoctrination of children kept the Jewish Nation alive even after their country was invaded and taken over. Given land after 2000 years and the nation still exists. That was by the indoctrination of children. It makes them robots that do not have natural common sense or natural intuition. Their early brain growth stages are neurological growth ingraining the indoctrination as part of reality. The same is true of the puritanical world domination by Jihad of the Islamic indoctrination.

Note: 

To rebel in the Jewish culture is to be a social out cast. But there is no murder penalty. To rebel in the Islamic culture is to be murdered according to the Koran. 

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

"Apostasy in Islam (Arabic: ارتداد, irtidād or ridda‎) is commonly defined in Islam as the rejection in word or deed of one's former religion (apostasy) by a person who was previously a follower of Islam. The Qur'an itself does not prescribe any earthly punishment for apostasy; Islamic scholarship differs on its punishment, ranging from execution – based on an interpretation of certain hadiths – to no punishment at all as long as they "do not work against the Muslim society or nation."[1] The majority of Muslim scholars hold to the traditional view that apostasy is punishable by death or imprisonment until repentance, at least for adult men of sound mind.[2][3]"


Wikipedia deceives here saying the murder is only advocated in the Hadiths but read the Koran for your self:

I have found other references to Islam altered on Wikipedia like the crimes of Islam that plagued the newly independent USA that led to the formation of the Marines to stop the murder and hostage taking of American shipping in the Mediterranean. 

The Qur'an:

Qur'an (4:89) - "They but wish that ye should reject Faith, as they do, and thus be on the same footing (as they): But take not friends from their ranks until they flee in the way of Allah (From what is forbidden). But if they turn renegades, seize them and slay them wherever ye find them"

Qur'an (9:11-12) - "But if they repent and establish worship and pay the poor-due, then are they your brethren in religion. We detail Our revelations for a people who have knowledge. And if they break their pledges after their treaty (hath been made with you) and assail your religion, then fight the heads of disbelief - Lo! they have no binding oaths - in order that they may desist."

Other verses that seem to support the many Hadith demanding death for apostates are Qur'an verses 2:217, 9:73-74, 88:21, 5:54, and 9:66.

I include comments here because of distorted Islamic claims of contributions to science and mathematics (and the renaissance mentality accepts). 

In Islam to gain an advantage over the unbeliever it is normal to deceive.

Sura 2.106 Whatever communications We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, We bring one better than it or like it. Do you not know that Allah has power over all things?

Mohammad thought Jews and Christians would follow him and he had nice Suras in their regard after the Jews did not help in the battle against the polytheist Arabs, Mohammed received this Sura. Allah can change his mind so any thing in the Koran may have been changed and they are not in chronological order so you do not know which one have been abrogated and the earlier nice ones (that don't count ) are quoted to Christians among with a lesser prophet (Jesus) that made mud bird come to life in the Koran!

66.1 O Prophet! why do you forbid (yourself) that which Allah has made lawful for you; you seek to please your wives; and Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. .2 Allah indeed has sanctioned for you the expiation of your oaths and Allah is your Protector, and He is the Knowing the Wise.

“Allah has already ordained for you, (O men), the dissolution of your oaths”

2.224 And make not Allah because of your swearing (by Him) an obstacle to your doing good and guarding (against evil) and making peace between men, and Allah is Hearing, Knowing. .225 Allah does not call you to account for what is vain in your oaths, but He will call you to account for what your hearts have earned, and Allah is Forgiving, Forbearing. .226 Those who swear that they will not go in to their wives should wait four months; so if they go back, then Allah is surely Forgiving, Merciful. .227 And if they have resolved on a divorce, then Allah is surely Hearing, Knowing.

“Allah will not call you to account for thoughtlessness in your oaths, but for the intention in your hearts”

16.106 He who disbelieves in Allah after his having believed, not he who is compelled while his heart is at rest on account of faith, but he who opens (his) breast to disbelief-- on these is the wrath of Allah, and they shall have a grievous chastisement.

Establishes that there are circumstances that can “compel” a Muslim to tell a lie.

3.28 Let not the believers take the unbelievers for friends rather than believers; and whoever does this, he shall have nothing of (the guardianship of) Allah, but you should guard yourselves against them, guarding carefully; and Allah makes you cautious of (retribution from) Himself; and to Allah is the eventual coming.

This verse tells Muslims not to take those outside the faith as friends, unless it is to “guard themselves.”

9.1 (This is a declaration of) immunity by Allah and His Apostle towards those of the idolaters with whom you made an agreement. .2 So go about in the land for four months and know that you cannot weaken Allah and that Allah will bring disgrace to the unbelievers. .3 And an announcement from Allah and His Apostle to the people on the day of the greater pilgrimage that Allah and His Apostle are free from liability to the idolaters; therefore if you repent, it will be better for you, and if you turn back, then know that you will not weaken Allah; and announce painful punishment to those who disbelieve. .4 Except those of the idolaters with whom you made an agreement, then they have not failed you in anything and have not backed up any one against you, so fulfill their agreement to the end of their term; surely Allah loves those who are careful (of their duty). .5 So when the sacred months have passed away, then slay the idolaters wherever you find them, and take them captives and besiege them and lie in wait for them in every ambush, then if they repent and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate (extortion), leave their way free to them; surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

“…Allah and His Messenger are free from liability to the idolaters…” The dissolution of oaths with the pagans who remained at Mecca following its capture. They did nothing wrong, but were evicted anyway.

3.54 And they planned and Allah (also) planned, and Allah is the best of planners.

8.30 And when those who disbelieved devised plans against you that they might confine you or slay you or drive you away; and they devised plans and Allah too had arranged a plan; and Allah is the best of planners.

10.21 And when We make people taste of mercy after an affliction touches them, lo ! they devise plans against Our communication. Say: Allah is quicker to plan; surely Our messengers write down what you plan.

“And they (the disbelievers) schemed, and Allah schemed (against them): and Allah is the best of schemers.” The Arabic word used here for scheme (or plot) is makara, which literally means deceit. If Allah is deceitful toward unbelievers, then there is little basis for denying that Muslims are allowed to do the same. (See also 8:30 and 10:21)

4.119 And most certainly I will lead them astray and excite in them vain desires, and bid them so that they shall slit the ears of the cattle, and most certainly I will bid them so that they shall alter Allah's creation; and whoever takes the Shaitan(Satan) for a guardian rather than Allah he indeed shall suffer a manifest loss.

Allah is the deceiver here!

  3.1.2 Breakdown of home making and mothering in Russia

I am in Russia as I write 2012-05-02. Here most live in apartments. There are more abortions than live births. It is published that for ethnic Russians the average woman gets nine abortions in her life time. I went for a walk to the park lake this evening. On the way I passed two men so drunk or drugged that they staggered in front of traffic as they crossed the street. In the park I pass a couple drinking with their baby unattended. We have often heard parents angry at the baby for crying. Child violence, crime and death rates are high and many have no father. Many infants are left to grand parents and then day care. 

A female missionary from the Russian culture in Kazakhstan said she finds it hard to teach Father God because men are so disrespected in Russia. I was shocked to think a missionary would say that! That was ten years ago. I have come to see that what she said predicts what I experience in Russia most everywhere.

 In my Masters in Education Degree, about 1973, I did a research paper on Communist Russia Education. I found that children, as the future of Communism, were highly valued and day care well funded by the political system. Teachers and Professors were among the highest paid and most respected people.  What is wrong here?

The French revolution was a reaction to the corruption of upper class children due to affluence of the renaissance and the degeneration of the mammalian maternal nursing bond and home making. 

The French revolution was followed by the Marx, Engels, Lenin Movement that had deep roots in a Jewish rebellion. That is, people that are indoctrinated as children are a product of their indoctrination weather they rebel or comply!

So Socialism degrades the mammalian nursing bond and home making for the common people in the same way affluence destroys it for the wealthy.

Some criminal behaviors can be inculturated like cannibalism, criminal tribes or fanatic terrorist cultures. The child has the culture ingrained in them from infancy. 

This brings us to academic ignorance and the "class struggle" hatred that has become ingrained in the Social Sciences with examples of people like Noam Chomsky using mathematics as a tool to imply intellectual superiority.

There is a saying, "to soon old and to late smart!" As I work I know and Olga knows how important peaceful child care is. To provide a home and safety for that to take place was the main purpose of working for my children an wife. It was the same for my father and grandfather. 

As I work here this evening I am thankful to be able to provide this apartment and Olga's willingness to be a homemaker. In another room, I hear the peaceful telling of a bedtime story by Olga to her fatherless three year old granddaughter. One wonderful thing is that her mother cared to breast feed and still does. That in the process of child care Olga and I have formed a caring bond with Darrina that she becomes part of and contributes to the sense of security, care, peace and joy of our home (Darrina's second home as she often stays over night when her mother works late).

Now back to the myth of the noble savage.

  3.2 Evidence of human sacrifices uncovered in Peru.

Archaeology 2011-10-03


Click to view saved copy.

Peruvian archaeologists say they have uncovered evidence of gruesome human sacrifices, carried out some 800 years ago by a pre-Incan civilization.

Copyright © 2011 euronews

  3.3 Confronting The Image Of Evil European

I was motivated to investigate the "Niagara Falls Legend - Maid of the Mist". I ended up learning that the Mohawk Indians (Mohawks) "their ancestors used to eat enemies they had killed in battle." and that Human sacrifice was a religious practice characteristic of pre-Columbian Aztec civilization, as well as of other mesoamerican civilizations such as the Maya and the Zapotec.

At the same time there is much college level writing that projects the image of the "Noble savage" and the  Substitute “Evil White Men” for “Evil Romans.” But remember the Romans made it save for Jesus and the Apostles to travel in the land of the Seven Churches (Turkey) where now in 2007 three men were tortured and murdered for printing Bibles. By murder now the land of the Seven Churches is around 98% Muslim and only about 0.6% Christian with Christians being murdered for their religion on a regular basis! Look at a map of world crime and corruption! (using simple math).

It is hard for me to understand. The Turks invaded the white European homeland of the Armenians and Greeks. And this is not moving onto land that was unoccupied like much of the European immigration back to North America. The Turks invaded killing those who would not convert. This included the Roma that had found sanctuary in a Christian land after fleeing the Islamic invasions of the Indian subcontinent 1000 years earlier!

Why is this not of major concern to the academics and those that point to the class struggle and resentment? Why is it not possible to get the academics to recognize and teach about the genocides done and being done today (Nigeria, Ivory Coast, Pakistan Administered Kashmir, The Philippines, Sudan by the Muslims and the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of China? 

  3.3.1 Australian event while I'm writing.

http://www.euronews.net/2012/01/26/gillard-jostled-on-australia-day/


 Click here to view saved copy.


Click on to view saved copy.

There was a nasty surprise for Australia’s prime minister and leader of the opposition who chose to celebrate Australia’s national public holiday at an awards ceremony in a Canberra restaurant.

But a crowd of protesters got wind of the event and some 200 supporters of indigenous rights came from the nearby Aboriginal Tent Assembly, a gathering to protest against the official Australia Day they dub “Invasion Day”. The Assembly is celebrating its 40th anniversary this year.

Australia Day commemorates the day in 1788 when the first British colonists arrived.

It appears the opposition leader Tony Abbott was the protester’s target, as he had earlier made comments saying that the tented camp should be evicted and that it was time the Assembly “moved on”.

Taking him at his word they did, and moved on the restaurant so forcefully that Prime Minister Julia Gillard lost a shoe in the melee as security tried to evacuate her.

She was unhurt and later went on to host a reception for foreign ambassadors. Windows were broken at the awards venue as scuffles briefly intensified during and after her and Abbott’s escape.

More about: , ,

Copyright © 2012 euronews

  3.3.2 Compare the Corruptions in Countries and Cultures 

International Corruption index 2011 (from Transparency International) find out how countries compare

Which country is most corrupt? North Korea is now officially considered the world's most corrupt country, along with Somalia. But why has the US gone up one place and the UK's score improved? See how the annual corruption index has changed

Corruption around the world remains a deeply entrenched, global concern according to Transparency International's 2011 Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) - the world's most credible measure of of domestic, public sector corruption.

This year, two thirds of countries covered by the index were given scores less than 5 - which means they are considered significantly corrupt.

The CPI scores countries on a scale of zero to 10, with zero indicating high levels of corruption and 10, low levels. And the most corrupt places in the world are not the most surprising. Unstable governments, often with a legacy of conflict, continue to dominate the bottom rungs of the CPI. Afghanistan and Myanmar share second to last place with a score of 1.5, with Somalia and North Korea - measured for the first time - coming in last with a score of 1.


Click to view country's ranks and scores.

 

The world's most peaceful countries score the best. In the 2011 CPI, New Zealand is top with a score of 9.5, followed by Denmark, Finland, Sweden and Singapore.

Four countries and territories besides North Korea are included for the first time: the Bahamas, St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, and Suriname.

Transparency International (TI) chair Huguette Labelle says corruption remains a major global issue, highlighted by widespread demonstrations in 2011: "This year we have seen corruption on protestor's banners be they rich or poor. Whether in a Europe hit by debt crisis or an Arab world starting a new political era, leaders must head the demands for better government."

Wealth seems no easy antidote to corruption: some relatively rich countries, including Russia, fall at the bottom of the global league table. Meanwhile, some of the world's poorer states do comparatively well: Botswana, Bhutan, Cape Verde, and Rwanda all appear among the 50 "cleanest" countries.

While the index has been published annually since 1995, TI warns against comparing scores over time, as sources for the index change each year. However, the Berlin-based NGO notes that two general trends pop out regardless: Arab Spring countries, and many Eurozone countries – particularly those affected by the financial crisis – are doing worse and worse.

Most Arab Spring countries rank in the lower half of the index, with scores below 4. Many of the lowest-scoring European countries are those hardest hit by the financial and debt crises – including Greece and Italy.

The UK ranks 16th, along with Austria and the Barbados, and just ahead of Belgium and Ireland. The US ranks 24th.

The Index, which is closely watched by investors, economists, and civil society campaigners, is based on expert assessments and data from 17 surveys from 13 independent institutions, covering issues such as access to information, bribery of public officials, kickbacks in public procurement, and the enforcement of anti-corruption laws. While critics note that measuring perceptions of corruption is not the same as measuring corruption itself, the latter is almost impossible to do - as the corrupt are usually keen to cover up their tracks, hard data on graft and bribery is notoriously difficult to come by.

Notice that the White Christian and Capitalist areas are among the most honest, Where the Dark, Muslim and Communist are among the most corrupt.


  3.3.3 Beware of false prophets!

Jesus (as the first born son of God in the flesh) said:

Matthew 7:14 Because strait is the gate, and narrow is the way, which leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it. 

:15 Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves.

:16 Ye shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles? :17 Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit; but a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit. :18 A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit.

:19 Every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire.
:20 Wherefore by their fruits ye shall know them.


True Science with historical investigation is beginning to show:
1. The savages were usually not noble.
2. The Christian White Culture is one that has bred personal integrity that builds communities with low crime and builds societies with low corruption.
3. Child care with a maternal nursing bond, with a mother in the home and a father as the providing head of the household in a Christian or Buddhist type respect for individual sovereignty, respect for elders and responsibility for one's self are at the heart of communities that raise children to reach their higher potential for:
3.1 loving themselves, 
3.2 loving others like self as a friend, 
3.3 loving others not like self as a marriage partner or friend, 
3.4 loving a helpless new born as a parent, 
3.5 generalizing the love of ones children to care for healthy schools and communities for all children, 
3.6 generalizing the love of one's children to care for the world of work and war that they grow into and 
3.7 growing in love for the gift of life to the motivational point of finding meaning and purpose in serving life's continued evolution into health and safety.

These values were most common in family farm societies. With technical development and women not choosing to be home makers the family farm is dying out. Places like South Korea are thriving in post war industrialization but with the mother out of the home it has come to have the highest suicide rate in the world! The major cause of death between 10 and 40 is suicide.

  3.4 Back To The Savage Reality


Click to view a saved copy.

We now know the wisdom of history that kept the preliterate story of "Garden of Eden" being carried on from generation to generation. What does the serpent represent the male penis associating the genetic father with a child. The fruit with the knowledge of good and evil represents the way that the female used this knowledge as part of her manipulative power to make the male guilty of fathering and therefore responsible to her as the one in charge of the child's care. The woman corrupted because she was often raped and wanted the protection and provision of a male as she was busy with her nursing bond with her child for up to six years. The man corrupted into raiding another tribe for its young women by the simple fact that that was what survived over physical weakness and inbreeding.

The essence of the story is that it was better in the past when humans had no consciousness of right and wrong and just developed genetically and behaviorally based on time and chance and what survived to propagate.

There are many voids and misconceptions in what is commonly taught about the hunter-gatherer tribes. Lets clear some up but we need to go slow. Even the T.E.D. presentation by Steven Pinker on the myth of violence while getting it right about the Garden of Eden, He fails to grasp the reality of the "dark ages" and "The Enlightenment" as the degradation of the Anthroculture (Child care and child development).

  3.4.1 Indians News 2012.

2012-01-02 Indian tribe lead attacks with bows and arrows

http://www.euronews.net/2012/02/01/indian-tribe-lead-attacks-with-bows-and-arrows/

 
"The Mashco-Piro live by their own social code, which Soria said includes 
the practice of kidnapping other tribes' women and children."


Click here to view a saved copy.

Pictures of the Mascho-Piro Indians believed to be the most detailed sightings ever recorded on camera have been published. The previously isolated tribe has been blamed for bow and arrow attacks on people in Madre e Dios state in Peru.

It is believed the attacks may have been their reaction to workers and tourists encroaching on their territory wanting to get a glimpse of the tribe.

More about: , ,

  3.4.1.1 The Mascho Piro Tribe.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Mascho Piro are an indigenous tribe of hunter-gatherers believed to inhabit remote regions of the Amazon rainforest. Not very much is known about the tribe due to their extremely reclusive nature, and many doubt their existence. Some estimate that the group numbers around 600 people.

In September 2007, a group of ecologists filmed about 20 members of the Mascho Piro tribe from helicopter flying above the Alto Purús national park. The group had established camp on the banks of the Las Piedras river near the Peruvian and Brazilian border. Scientists believe that the tribe prefers to construct palm-leaf huts on riverbanks during the dry season for fishing. During the wet season, they retreat to the rain forest.

Similar huts were spotted in the 1980s.

References

Photo By Diego Cortijo Tue, Jan 31, 2012

2012-02-01 Isolated Peru tribe makes uncomfortable contact

This Nov. 2011 image made available by Survival International on Tuesday Jan. 31, 2012, shows members of the Mashco-Piro tribe, photographed at an undisclosed location near the Manu National Park in southeastern Peru. According to Survival International the image is one of the closest sightings of isolated Amazon Indians ever recorded with a camera. (AP Photo/Diego Cortijo,Survival International)
Enlarge Photo
This Nov. 2011 image made available by Survival International on Tuesday Jan. 31, 2012

An arrow shot into his heart Nov. 22, 2011
This image made available by Spanish archaeologist Diego Cortijo Monday Jan. 30, 2012, shows Nicolás "Shaco" Flores, a Matsiguenka Indian, at an undisclosed location. The image of Flores was made a few days before Flores was killed, Nov. 22, 2011, by an arrow shot into his heart, apparently by a member of the long-isolated Maschco-Piro tribe. A small group of Mashco-Piro began appearing regularly beginning last year on the bank of a major river in Peru’s Amazon and authorities are struggling to keep people away. Flores had provided the Indians with machetes and pots and pans. (AP Photo/Diego Cortijo)
Enlarge Photo
Imageby Spanish archaeologist Diego Cortijo
 
Nicolás "Shaco" Flores, Murdered Nov. 22, 2011

 

LIMA, Peru (AP) — Peruvian authorities say they are struggling to keep outsiders away from a clan of previously isolated Amazon Indians who began appearing on the banks of a jungle river popular with environmental tourists last year.

The behavior of the small group of Mashco-Piro Indians has puzzled scientists, who say it may be related to the encroachment of loggers and by low-flying aircraft from nearby natural gas and oil exploration in the southeastern region of the country.

Clan members have been blamed for two bow-and-arrow attacks on people near the riverbank in Madre de Dios state where officials say the Indians were first seen last May.

One badly wounded a forest ranger in October. The following month, another fatally pierced the heart of a local Matsiguenka Indian, Nicolas "Shaco" Flores, who had long maintained a relationship with the Mashco-Piro.

The advocacy group Survival International released photos Tuesday showing clan members on the riverbank, describing the pictures as the "most detailed sightings of uncontacted Indians ever recorded on camera."

The British-based group provided the photos exactly a year after releasing aerial photos from Brazil of another tribe classified as uncontacted, one of about 100 such groups it says exist around the world.

One of the Mashco-Piro photos was taken by a bird watcher in August, Survival International said. The other two were shot by Spanish archaeologist Diego Cortijo on Nov. 16, six days before Flores was killed.

Cortijo, a member of the Spanish Geographical Society, was visiting Flores while on an expedition in search of petroglyphs and said clan members appeared across the river from Flores' house, calling for him by name.

Flores could communicate with the Mashco-Piro because he spoke two related dialects, said Cortijo, who added that Flores had previously provided clan members with machetes and cooking pots.

The Mashco-Piro tribe is believed to number in the hundreds and lives in the Manu National Park that borders Diamante, a community of more than 200 people where Flores lived.

Although it's not known what provoked the Mashco-Piro clan to leave the relative safety of their tribe's jungle home, Beatriz Huerta, an anthropologist who works with Peru's agency for indigenous affairs, speculated their habitat is becoming increasingly less isolated.

The upper Madre de Dios region where the tribe lives has been affected by logging, she said. "They are removing wood very close."

Meanwhile, Huerta said, naturalists in the area and Manu National Park officials told her during a recent visit that a rise in air traffic related to natural gas and oil exploration in the region is adversely affecting native hunting grounds, forcing increasing migration by nomadic tribes.

The clan that showed up at the river is believed to number about 60, including some 25 adults, said Carlos Soria, a professor at Lima's Catholic University who ran Peru's park protection agency last year.

"It seemed like they wanted to draw a bit of attention, which is a bit strange because I know that on other occasions they had attacked people," Cortijo said by phone from Spain. "It seemed they didn't want us to go near them, but I also know that the only thing that they wanted was machetes and cooking pots."

Cortijo said the group lingered by the river a few minutes, apparently to see if a boat would pass by so they could ask for some tools, something authorities say they had done in the past.

"The place where they are seen is one of heavy transit" of river cargo and tourist passage, and so the potential for more violent encounters remains high, Soria said.

That is compounded by culture clash. The Mashco-Piro live by their own social code, which Soria said includes the practice of kidnapping other tribes' women and children.

He said the Mashco-Piro are one of about 15 "uncontacted" tribes in Peru that together are estimated to number between 12,000 and 15,000 people living in jungles east of the Andes.

"The situation is incredibly delicate," said Huerta, the government anthropologist.

"It's very clear that they don't want people there," she said of the area where the clan has been loitering, noting that it had ransacked a jungle ranger's post that authorities later removed.

One of the clan's likely fears is being decimated by disease borne by outsiders, as has occurred with other uncontacted peoples, Huerta said.

But its also a mystery why they have appeared in an area so heavily trafficked, she added.

After the first sightings, and after tourists left clothing for the Mashco-Piro, state authorities issued a directive in August barring all boats from going ashore in the area. But enforcing it has been difficult as there are few trained and willing local officials.

Authorities say they aren't sure why Flores was killed. It could be that the Mashco-Piro were angry because he hadn't provided them with more machetes and cooking pots. Or perhaps it was because they considered the farming plot where he was killed too close to what they considered their territory.

Cortijo, the Spanish archaeologist, said the loss of Flores makes reaching any understanding with the Mashco-Piro very complicated.

"The problem is that 'Shaco' was the only person who could talk to them," he said. "Now that he's dead it's impossible to make contact."

  3.4.1.2 Proposed in 2007 'Transitory' Reserves for Mashco-Piro Indians

Accents


'Transitory' Reserves for Mashco-Piro Indians

By Abraham Lama*

Peru is trying to protect an indigenous group that has lived in voluntary isolation in the Amazon jungles since the 19th century. Little is known about this community, which is believed to have around 800 members.

LIMA - In Alto Purus province, in the far west of the Peruvian Amazon jungle, plans are being drawn up to create the first special reserve for an indigenous group that has almost no outside contact: the Mashco.

The Mashco (whose name means ''naked'') were given their name by other indigenous communities, but they are also known as the Mashco-Piro, and are one of the 11 indigenous peoples who live in voluntary isolation in the Peruvian Amazon since the late 19th and early 20th centuries, to escape the rubber barons who tried to enslave them.

Design of the plan for the reserve is just getting started. It has been entrusted to a special commission created by President Alejandro Toledo on Mar. 31. But anthropologist Linda Lema Tucker, one of the experts on the commission, told Tierramérica that the aim is to designate ''transitory territorial reserves'' for the Mashco, a sort of movable territory.

''For the 'contacted' indigenous communities we can designate a specific area, but not for the 'non-contacted', who need extensive routes in the forests so they can move about freely,'' said Lema Tucker, currently a consultant with the government's National Commission of Aboriginal Peoples.

The Mashco-Piro will be assigned ''transitory territorial reserves, under laws that protect their physical and cultural survival, until they decide, through their own community organizations, to obtain recognition and ownership titles over land,'' she said.

The protection plan for the Mashco is included in the creation of a protected area of Alto Purus, which, with 2.7 million hectares (slightly larger than Belgium), extends into Brazil like an arrow.

''Alto Purus is the piece that was missing in the great corridor of protected areas over 1,700 square kilometers, which crosses through Brazil, Bolivia and Peru. The voice of the Mashco-Piro and of other communities has been heard,'' Kathryn Fuller, president of the Peruvian office of the World Wildlife Fund, said on Mar. 31 when the Toledo government announced the creation of the protected area.

WWF has worked in the zone over the past five years with officials, indigenous groups and local non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to fight illegal logging, provide technical assistance in forest management, and launch community development projects.

The Amazon jungles might look like a green paradise from the window of an airplane or in postcards. But they are threatened areas, under tension -- the scene of depredation and social violence amongst its few dwellers, who are mostly poor and exploited.

Such is the case of Alto Purus, where no more than 5,000 people live. There are six tiny villages in the province, and just one city, Puerto Esperanza, with fewer than 2,000 inhabitants.

In the jungle live around 2,800 members of eight indigenous groups -- apart from the Mashco-Piro -- who maintain their millennia-old lifestyles and are precariously integrated into the rest of the country: Cashinahuas, Amahuacas, Sharanahuas, Chaninahuas, Mastinahuas, Yines, Ashaninkas and Culinas.

Loggers often hire the Indians to cut down the mahogany and cedar trees for their valuable wood, without permits or monitoring by the government. This leads to irregular displacement of communities, which in their search for more valuable timber invade the land of others, triggering violent clashes.

Peru, one of the six South American countries that share the Amazon, loses 265,000 hectares of tropical rainforest annually to logging.

Of all the Indians in Alto Purus, the Mashco-Piro are the least known. There are no reliable data on their population, although they are believed to number around 800, and are distributed amongst groups of 50 to 200 people, formed from several families.

They are extremely vulnerable because of the lack of laws to protect them and also because they lack immune-defenses against such common illnesses as the flu, which can kill them in massive numbers.

''My father told me that they always wander in the forest, without staying in one place. They eat everything: plants, animals, turtle eggs and fish. They come and go. Sometimes they cross into Brazil and back,'' said Leoncio Tomasa, chief of the Cashinahua, according to a recent official report.

''The Mashco-Piro are nomads who move freely through the forests, subsisting on what they are able to gather, hunt or fish. They have survived like fugitives in order to protect themselves from the outside world, which they continue to see as a threat,'' said anthropologist Lema Tucker.

She noted that the new commission will define which territories will be set aside for these nomads, as well as other practical aspects of the initiative, which will then be turned into a legislative bill.

* Abraham Lama is a Tierramérica contributor.

  3.4.2 Innocence can be beautiful but genetic disposition is real.

Innocence can be a beautiful thing. This past fall in Russia I would help care for my Russian granddaughter as Olga cared for her dying father. I don't speak Russian and Darina at 2.5 years old (in 2011) was just learning. To give her exercise we would go for long walks. The first time she had to pee I didn't know what to do and as she pulled down her pants and peed she got them all wet. The next time on a walk I knew to hold her legs up from behind. The next time I did better but after peeing she moved to another spot  and bent down. It took me a while to catch on that she needed to poop. But I caught on in time and held her again and we found some leaves to wipe with. (that is how we did it in the woods when I was a boy.) The point is that she was so innocent and trusting taking my hand to cross the street and walking nice with me.

Innocent times like that  are times in the Garden of Eden! I had them with my father squirrel hunting where we would sit still and wait so long that the chipmunks come out and play around us.

We have already discovered that the tree of the knowledge of good and evil was recognizing that a child had only one father and the women used that knowledge to make the man guilty which led to men demanding that a women have only one man so they could be sure who the father was.

The snake that corrupted womankind can be understood by the millions of years of tribal violence to take the booty and young women of another tribe. The snake is the penis of rape! This tied her to the man this took her virginity as the father of her children.

In the Caucasus where my Russian home is some none Russian Muslim cultures are still getting brides by "stealing" them. The young woman is stolen and violated into what they call a marriage. Then the violator's family offers money to the family of the stolen woman. The woman is already violated and would not be valued if restored to her family and refusal to accept the payment may result in a family feud and deaths. 

A young woman with her son is friends with a neighbor visiting frequently. She told Olga that she was "stolen" as if it was just matter of fact. This young woman has not yet eaten fruit from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. She does not hate or criminalize her husband. That is just the way it is!

That is a strain of humanity that has never died out the same behavior goes on with the same outlook and culture from generation to generation with no individual sovereignty!

In my upper middle class suburban High School to further black integration in the 1970's they built a bunch of subsidized rent apartments complexes to move blacks out of the inner city. In a faculty meeting the Assistant Principle brought up a serious concern for the Black Girls. The black boys preferred white girls and many white girls preferred black boys. But the white boys were not attracted to the black girls so nobody asked the black girls to the school dances and when they went on their own nobody asked them to dance.

I was surprised to hear about the functional social hierarchy in the plantation south. The white owner was on the top. But next came the black house women. They cared for the children, cleaned the bedrooms, prepared the food and served the personal needs of the owner. The white women came third. All she needed to do was look pretty and have white children as heirs for the owner. Forth came the black field workers.

I thought this was a black and white situation until I went to Russia. Here again were the four classes of social power. The landlords and official men on top. Next was the house and social servant women (with some men) and then came the field workers but they were all white.

Next it turned out that the darker Muslim men were attracted to the lighter Russian women and visa versa. Also the Russian men are not attracted to the darker Muslim women like at the high school. Then I talked to Veterans from the second world war, and wars since then to find out that it is not the color that makes the attraction, it is the status that seem to trigger a genetic response. That is that women tend to be  attracted to the invader and men are not. Men are attracted to women they are invading.

When viewing the long history of hunter-gather violence it begins to make sense. The women that embraced their captor tended to survive and propagate where women who fought the invader were dead. At the same time the men that embraced strange women when away from home had genetically healthier children by avoiding in breeding.

It is just one of God's laws, "WHAT PROPAGATE IS WHAT SURVIVED!" That is another no-brainer.

There is the theory that violence (threat to life) can stimulate sexual arousal as the threat is a need to propagate. There are many plants that go to seed when threatened

 I had a waitress friend (an adult with two adult children) that confided that as a teenage she tried to commit suicide by putting a plastic bag over her head. She was so sexually aroused that she developed a sadomasochistic drive. In later life she found an informal group that assisted in forming sadomasochistic relationships according to preferences and she found a man that was aroused by suffocating her!

  3.5 The original Native Americans: stone age Europeans discovered the New World

Published: 29 February, 2012, 00:14 http://rt.com/news/stone-age-america-archaeologists-445/ Copy
Diorama of a scene where ancient people are hunting mammoths. Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography, Academy of Sciences, in St. Petersburg (RIA Novosti)

Diorama of a scene where ancient people are hunting mammoths. Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography, Academy of Sciences, in St. Petersburg (RIA Novosti)

Europeans may have been the first people to settle in America, possibly more than ten thousand years before anyone else set foot there.

­A series of European-style tools dating from twenty-six-thousand to nineteen-thousand years ago have been discovered in six separate locations along the east coast of the United States.

Archaeologists previously thought that America was populated by migrants making their way from Siberia to Alaska, and then spreading through the rest of the continent.

But the first of these Asian tribes started moving there about 15,500 years ago – and there is no evidence of human activity in Siberia or Alaska from before that time.

Professors Dennis Stanford and Bruce Bradford, the two archaeologists who made the discovery, suggest Europeans moved across the Atlantic during the peak of Ice Age.

At the time, a vast tranche of ice covered the Atlantic. The Stone Age migrants would have been able to survive the journey by killing seals, hunting the now-extinct great auks (a sort of giant penguin) and fishing. The archaeologists suggest they may have even used boats for large parts of their travel.

Further evidence of their thesis is a knife discovered in Virginia in 1971. Recent tests showed that it was made from French flint.

The new hypothesis is unlikely to change what we know about the Indians who greeted the Europeans upon their arrival.

The Siberian migrants came to America for longer and in greater numbers, and were either wiped out or absorbed by the European tribes.

But it does explain the long-standing mystery of the genetic code and language of some Native American tribes that appear European, not Asian in origin.

Further digs are planned deeper inland up to Texas this year, and will help historians and archaeologists understand just how far the original European colonization went.


  3.6 Constructing the Solutrean Solution

Constructing the Solutrean Solution Dennis Stanford and Bruce Bradley Smithsonian Institution University of Exeter

Abstract:

At the 1999 Clovis and Beyond Conference held in Santa Fe, we presented a hypothesis, now known as the "Solutrean Solution", to explain the origin of Clovis technology. The hypothesis is based on the fact that there is little commonality between Clovis and Northeast Asian technologies on the one hand, while on the other, there are many technological traits shared between Clovis and the Solutrean culture of Paleolithic Europe. In the past, scholars have rejected the idea of a historical connection between the two cultures because they were separated temporally by 5,000 years and geographically by 4,000 miles of North Atlantic Ocean. Furthermore, it is clear that modern Native Americans are Asian in origin. Hence, the similarities were considered the result of independent invention.

We point out that the idea of independent invention is an unsupported opinion and not a tested hypothesis. In contrast, we outline a testable model with supporting evidence such as the occupation levels found at the Meadowcroft and Cactus Hill sites with pre-Clovis dates that fill the time gap. The pre-Clovis levels also contained biface and blade/core technologies that we would expect in an artifact assemblage transitional between Solutrean and Clovis. We argue that during the 20,000 years that lapsed between the beginning of maritime technology in Southeast Asia and the advent of Solutrean in Southwest Europe, major developments in sea going technologies and skills likely spread around the coastal waters of the inhabited world. We also point out that during Solutrean times lower sea levels greatly reduced the distance between the Celtic and the North American Continental Shelves and a connecting ice bridge eliminated the necessity of a 4,000-mile blue voyage between Lisbon and New York City. The southern margin of this ice bridge was a relative rich environment inhabited by migrating sea mammals, birds, and fish attracting Solutrean people. We reason that generations of Solutrean hunters learned to cope with ice and weather conditions to follow rich resources such as Harp seals and Great Auks that migrated north and westward along with retreating ice in late spring. Through such activities they ended up (by accident and/or design) along the exposed continental shelf of North America discovering a new land.

This paper summarizes the results of six years of intensive research in which we assessed the available interdisciplinary evidence to see if the Solutrean Solution Model is supported or should be rejected. Our conclusion is that there is strong and compelling supporting data and the model merits serious consideration. In this regard, we address the issues and opinions raised by other scholars who published negative "peer reviewed" papers seeking to "deconstruct the Solutrean Solution" before we completed our studies. Our paper concludes with evidence to support the view that Clovis developed out of an indented base biface tradition that existed along the Mid-Atlantic continental shelf.

Dr. Dennis Stanford Dr. Dennis Stanford is Curator of Archaeology and Chairman of the Anthropology Department at the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. (www.mnh.si.edu/). He has devoted his career to early American prehistory, and done field work from Alaska to Monte Verde in Chile, where the oldest human remains in the Americas were found. With his Smithsonian colleague Bruce Bradley, he is working on the possibility that Clovis points, first found in North America around 11,000 years ago, derive from similar flaking techniques developed thousands of years earlier in Spain. The idea may have been brought here by an early visitor who travelled by boat. Such a traveler might have traveled along the edge of an icecap which rimmed the North Atlantic during the Ice Age. Dr. Stanford is also one of the eight archaeologists suing the U.S. government to make the Kennewick Man available for study. An article on his theories about the link between European and American flaking technology can be found at http://www.mnh.si.edu/arctic/arctic/html/dennis_stanford.html -- part of a Smithsonian web site called "Northern Clans, Northern Traces." His recent publications include the book Ice Age Hunters of the Rockies (1992, Boulder: University Press of Colorado), which he edited with Jane Day and to which he contributes an introduction and an article. He edited an earlier book, Pre-Llano cultures of the Americas: paradoxes and possibilities, with Robert L.Humphrey (Washington, DC : Anthropological Society of Washington, 1979) He is working on a book about his theory of an early North Atlantic crossing.

Dr. Bruce Bradley Dr. Bruce Bradley is a professional archaeologist who is currently an independent consultant, Research Associate at the Carnegie Museum, and adjunct Professor at Augustana College. He received a BA in anthropology from the University of Arizona and a PhD in archaeology from Cambridge University. His experience has taken him to projects ranging from Stone Age digs in England, France, Lebanon, Kazakhstan, and Russia; Paleoindian sites, including Clovis, in Wyoming and Colorado; and he has conducted some of the research in the northern Southwest that is redefining ancient Pueblo history.

Bruce is also known throughout the world as a master flintknapper. Highly respected in the professional archaeology community, he is also active in the amateur community and leads archaeological excursions in the Southwest and Ireland, and has lead groups of amateurs and professionals in excavations in the Southwest, Texas, Russia and Spain.

He is proud to have received the C.T. Hurst Award from the Colorado Archaeological Society for outstanding contributions to Colorado archaeology. Bruce has been featured in numerous documentaries and is frequently sought out by authors and filmmakers for technical advice. He has received research support from the International Research Exchanges, National Science Foundation, and National Geographic, and worked for such prominent institutions as the Smithsonian, the University of Wyoming, Crow Canyon Archaeological Center, Institute of Material Culture History, St. Petersburg, and the Archaeological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow.

Bruce is currently working on a book, with Dr. Dennis Stanford of the Smithsonian, about the possibility that Clovis Culture had historical connections to the Solutrean Culture of Southwest Europe. This theory brings people across the Atlantic Ocean at the end of the last Ice Age.

2 Chapter                            Chapter 4

3

Counter