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1-5-05-1 Europe - Atlas of the Middle Ages

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Contents



Introduction

 

Atlas • Άτλας • Атлас • Atlante • Atlasas • אטלס • جهان‌نما • أحلس • एटलस • 地図帳 • 地图集 • 地圖集
WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World


Book of Kells, 9thCE, written by celtic monks in the Isle of Iona.
See' Hiberno-Saxon & Celtic art.
 

The introductions of the country, dependency and region entries are in the native languages and in English. The other introductions are in English.

Atlas of the Middle Ages

Selected modern and old maps showing the history of the Early Middle Ages.

For the entire material Wikimedia Commons has concerning that period, please refer to category:Early Middle Ages.

This page is meant to deliver a chronological view upon a set of maps, as used in a Wikiproject on the encyclopedic environment.
Outside of Europe geography, Early Middle Ages historical period makes no sense !
Germanic Iron Age describes Northern Europe outside roman scope.

Context

Purpose

The main purpose for this page is to give a geographical visual reference regarding the rise, evolution and fall of countries in Europe from Antiquity to the Modern era. The birth of the modern European nation-state is a later phenomemon (generally evolved from the 17th century Peace of Westphalia, to the rise of modern European nationalism in the mid 1800's.)

Borders for most historical maps are largely arbitrary and in many cases are merely approximate.

It is obvious that other points of view may argue. The following work takes care of the French historiography, quite different from the Anglo-saxon one which seem to make that period and the Viking Age collide ; yet, Let's give a try to each period : main events motivate each timeline segment for that matter.

Timelines

  1. Late Antiquity
    1. until 375
    2. Events: Maps will display basis situation for the Roman provinces ;
  2. Migration Period
    1. 376 - 476
    2. Events: Last 100 years before the last Emperor in the West ;
      - in 376, Goths move & will win a victory over roman legions (378 : near Hadrianopolis).
      - timeline is here quite reduced from the Timeline of the Migrations Period ;
  3. Early Middle Ages 
    1. 477 - 949
  4. High Middle Ages
    1. 950 - 1250
    2. Events: in fr. hist.grphy., this might be a golden age in Western Europe, known as Moyen Âge central.
      for instance Ordre de Cluny spreads its knowledge (Cluniac movement is portrayed as a follow-up of renaissance by Otto I).
      This deals with the idea of a "Medieval civilization" that severed its ties with the former Roman times (refer to History of ideas), despite a Latin Europe still remains in cultural matters ;
  5. Late Middle Ages
    1. 1251 - 1400
    2. Events: <in-between period>, no particular reason ;
  6. Renaissance Period starts
    1. from 1401
    2. Events: Quattrocento precedes High Renaissance in Art, which is Cinquecento.


Maps before

Migration Period

Maps : Early Middle Ages

Maps after

High Middle Ages

Late Middle Ages

See also


Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • For Burma, see Myanmar; Great Britain and Northern Ireland, see United Kingdom; Ivory Coast, see Côte d'Ivoire; Pridnestrovie, see Transnistria; Taiwan, see China, Republic of; Timor-Leste, see East Timor.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
Entries available in the atlas

General pages
Atlas ­ Historical atlas ­ Index of the Atlas ­ Names in native languages

The world and its continents and oceans
General maps of the world ­ Historical maps of the world ­ Old maps ­ Africa ­ North and South America ­ Antarctica ­ Asia ­ Europe (History, European Union­ Oceania ­ Oceans

Historical era and themes
Prehistory ­ Antiquity ­ Middle Ages ­ Rise of Islam ­ Early Modern Age ­ Early American Societies ­ Early Asian Societies ­ Age of Renaissance ­ Colonialism ­ 20th Century ­ World War I ­ World War II

Countries with undisputed status
Afghanistan ­ Albania ­ Algeria ­ Andorra ­ Angola ­ Antigua and Barbuda ­ Argentina ­ Armenia ­ Australia ­ Austria ­ Azerbaijan ­ Bahamas ­ Bahrain ­ Bangladesh ­ Barbados ­ Belarus ­ Belgium ­ Belize ­ Benin ­ Bhutan ­ Bolivia ­ Bosnia and Herzegovina ­ Botswana ­ Brazil ­ Brunei ­ Bulgaria ­ Burkina Faso ­ Burundi ­ Cambodia ­ Cameroon ­ Canada ­ Cape Verde ­ Central African Republic ­ Chad ­ Chile ­ China ­ Colombia ­ Comoros ­ Congo (Democratic Republic) ­ Congo (Republic) ­ Costa Rica ­ Côte d’Ivoire ­ Croatia ­ Cuba ­ Cyprus ­ Czech Republic ­ Denmark ­ Djibouti ­ Dominica ­ Dominican Republic ­ East Timor ­ Ecuador ­ Egypt ­ El Salvador ­ Equatorial Guinea ­ Eritrea ­ Estonia ­ Ethiopia ­ Fiji ­ Finland ­ France ­ Gabon ­ Gambia ­ Georgia ­ Germany ­ Ghana ­ Greece ­ Grenada ­ Guatemala ­ Guinea ­ Guinea-Bissau ­ Guyana ­ Haiti ­ Honduras ­ Hungary ­ Iceland ­ India ­ Indonesia ­ Iran ­ Iraq ­ Ireland ­ Israel ­ Italy ­ Jamaica ­ Japan ­ Jordan ­ Kazakhstan ­ Kenya ­ Kiribati ­ Korea (Democratic People’s Republic) ­ Korea (Republic) ­ Kuwait ­ Kyrgyzstan ­ Laos ­ Latvia ­ Lebanon ­ Lesotho ­ Liberia ­ Libya ­ Liechtenstein ­ Lithuania ­ Luxembourg ­ Macedonia (Republic) ­ Madagascar ­ Malawi ­ Malaysia ­ Maldives ­ Mali ­ Malta ­ Marshall Islands ­ Mauritania ­ Mauritius ­ Mexico ­ Micronesia (Federated States) ­ Moldova ­ Monaco ­ Mongolia ­ Montenegro ­ Morocco ­ Mozambique ­ Myanmar ­ Namibia ­ Nauru ­ Nepal ­ The Netherlands ­ New Zealand ­ Nicaragua ­ Niger ­ Nigeria ­ Norway ­ Oman ­ Pakistan ­ Palau ­ Panama ­ Papua New Guinea ­ Paraguay ­ Peru ­ Philippines ­ Poland ­ Portugal ­ Qatar ­ Romania ­ Russia ­ Rwanda ­ Saint Kitts and Nevis ­ Saint Lucia ­ Saint Vincent and the Grenadines ­ Samoa ­ San Marino ­ São Tomé and Príncipe ­ Saudi Arabia ­ Senegal ­ Serbia ­ Seychelles ­ Sierra Leone ­ Singapore ­ Slovakia ­ Slovenia ­ Solomon Islands ­ Somalia ­ South Africa ­ Spain ­ Sri Lanka ­ Sudan ­ Suriname ­ Swaziland ­ Sweden ­ Switzerland ­ Syria ­ Tajikistan ­ Tanzania ­ Thailand ­ Togo ­ Tonga ­ Trinidad and Tobago ­ Tunisia ­ Turkey ­ Turkmenistan ­ Tuvalu ­ Uganda ­ Ukraine ­ United Arab Emirates ­ United Kingdom ­ United States ­ Uruguay ­ Uzbekistan ­ Vanuatu ­ Vatican City ­ Venezuela ­ Vietnam ­ Yemen ­ Zambia ­ Zimbabwe

Countries with disputed status
Abkhazia ­ China (Republic)/Taiwan ­ Kosovo ­ Nagorno-Karabakh ­ Northern Cyprus ­ Palestine ­ Somaliland ­ South Ossetia ­ Tamil Eelam ­ Transnistria ­ Western Sahara

Dependencies and other overseas territories
Akrotiri and Dhekelia ­ Åland ­ American Samoa ­ Anguilla ­ Aruba ­ Ascension Island ­ Ashmore and Cartier Islands ­ Baker Island ­ Bermuda ­ Bouvet Island ­ British Indian Ocean Territory ­ British Virgin Islands ­ Cayman Islands ­ Christmas Island ­ Clipperton Island ­ Cocos (Keeling) Islands ­ Cook Islands ­ Coral Sea Islands ­ Faroe Islands ­ French Guiana ­ French Polynesia ­ French Southern and Antarctic Lands ­ Gibraltar ­ Greenland ­ Guadeloupe ­ Guam ­ Guantanamo Bay ­ Guernsey ­ Heard Island and McDonald Islands ­ Hong Kong ­ Howland Island ­ Isle of Man ­ Jan Mayen ­ Jarvis Island ­ Jersey ­ Johnston Atoll ­ Kingman Reef ­ Macau ­ Martinique ­ Mayotte ­ Midway Atoll ­ Montserrat ­ Navassa Island ­ Netherlands Antilles ­ New Caledonia ­ Niue ­ Norfolk Island ­ Northern Mariana Islands ­ Palmyra Atoll ­ Pitcairn Islands ­ Puerto Rico ­ Réunion ­ Saint Helena ­ Saint-Barthélemy ­ Saint Martin (France) ­ Saint-Pierre and Miquelon ­ Svalbard ­ Tokelau ­ Tristan da Cunha ­ Turks and Caicos Islands ­ United States Virgin Islands ­ Wake Island ­ Wallis and Futuna

Disputed areas
Kashmir ­ Paracel Islands ­ Spratly Islands ­ Falkland Islands ­ South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands

Subnational autonomous entities
Aceh ­ Adjara ­ Adygea ­ Altai ­ Andalusia ­ Aosta Valley ­ Aragon ­ Athos ­ Azores ­ Balearic Islands ­ Bashkortostan ­ Basque Autonomous Community ­ Bougainville ­ Brussels ­ Buryatia ­ Canary Islands ­ Catalonia ­ Chechnya ­ Chuvashia ­ Corsica ­ Crimea ­ Curaçao ­ Dagestan ­ Easter Island ­ England ­ Extremadura ­ Bosnia and Herzegovina (Federation of) ­ Flanders ­ Friuli-Venezia Giulia ­ Gagauzia ­ Galicia ­ Galápagos Islands ­ Gorno-Badakhshan ­ Guangxi ­ Ingushetia ­ Inner Mongolia ­ Kabardino-Balkaria ­ Kalmykia ­ Karachay-Cherkessia ­ Karakalpakstan ­ Karelia ­ Khakassia ­ Komi ­ Kurdistan (Iraqi) ­ Madeira ­ Mari El ­ Mindanao ­ Mordovia ­ Nakhichevan ­ Navarre ­ Nevis ­ Ningxia ­ North Ossetia-Alania ­ Northern Ireland ­ Quebec ­ Saint Martin (Netherlands) ­ Sakha ­ Sardinia ­ Scotland ­ Sicily ­ Srpska ­ Tatarstan ­ Tibet ­ Trentino-Alto Adige ­ Tuva ­ Udmurtia ­ Vojvodina ­ Wales ­ Wallonia ­ Xinjiang ­ Zanzibar

Other regions
Basque Country ­ Burzenland ­ Kurdistan ­ Sápmi

Former countries
Austria-Hungary ­ Byzantine Empire ­ Caliphate ­ Czechoslovakia ­ Frankish Empire ­ Inca Empire ­ Macedonian Empire ­ Prussia ­ Roman Empire ­ Soviet Union ­ Yugoslavia

Themes
Administrative divisions ­ International organizations ­ Languages ­ Religions

Old atlas
Stielers Handatlas 1891

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